Not That Prokudinskoe, the Other One.

Valerie Kivelson’s Cartographies of Tsardom: The Land and Its Meanings in Seventeenth-Century Russia is a wonderful examination of (among other things) the complicated relationship between the supposedly all-powerful Kremlin and the Russian provinces in the Muscovite period, as exemplified by the many maps produced to support one side or the other in the endless lawsuits about land (often lasting many years and using up hundreds of pages of very expensive paper). Here’s a passage describing one problem I hadn’t given much thought to:

Names and descriptions of pieces of land were subject to both inadvertent confusion and deliberate manipulation. Duplication of names surfaces as a common ploy, or honest point of confusion, in many of the cases. Completely different names might be applied to a single plot of land. Duly checking the official books and records, state investigators would establish that no one held title to a village by a certain name, only to discover later that someone indeed already held the same bit of village, defined within the same boundaries, but called by a different name. A case of this kind took place in Suzdal in 1679, when Vasilii Alekseev protested that Danilo Oshanin had cheated him out of his field, Prokudinskoe, by calling it Sidorovskoe. Oshanin’s supporters defended him, saying: “That is his field Prokudinskoe, and previous pomeshchiki held it separately, calling them [the two fields] by one and the same name. But this field didn’t abut that other field, Sidorovskoe, at all. And that other field Prokudinskoe was held by Vasilii Alekseev according to the cadastral books.” In simpler language, Oshanin was protesting that he was not claiming that Prokudinskoe; his claim was to the other Prokudinskoe. A case in Vladimir similarly ground to a halt over competing claims to one or possibly two fields, purportedly called either Kuzmino or Kuzminskoe. Authorities had to determine whether in fact there were two separate (osobye) plots by the same name or not: “Ask local people . . . whether they are one or different.”

[…] When Iurii Skrypitsyn contested the Nikitskii Monastery’s appropriation of what he considered his uninhabited plot, Nikola Field, one of the issues around which the case revolved was wither the field pertained to the village of Tolpygin […]. To complicate matters to a comical degree, each of these fields bore a series of nicknames: “The uninhabited field Batogi used to be the hamlet Karpova, also called Boktovo, and the uninhabited field Zabolote is known as the uninhabited field Pavlova, Stashkovo also. But there is [also] a separate uninhabited field Strashkovo.” Pavlova was also known as Ostroshkovo.

To add to the comedy, it is not clear to me whether the two last-mentioned uninhabited fields are actually named Stashkovo and Strashkovo, or whether one is a typo for the other. You’d have to visit the Rossiikii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv drevnikh aktov (RGADA) to be sure.


  1. SFReader says:

    These days it’s enough to google.

    №163, 1687
    Drawing-map of lands along the river Yelda near the village of Bogorodsky in Uglich district. Manuscript. Colored. 82×65. Noted: village Bogorodskoye, uninhabited fields: Ivashkovo, Ivantsovo, Bryukhachevo, Karpovo, Glazoemovo, Batog, Bereznyaki, Nikola on the pond, which used to be village of Tolpygino, Zabolotye, Andronnikovo, Koshelevo, Buchkovo, Teleshevo, Ryshkovo, Strashkovo, Murashki, Papino, road from Bogorodtsky to village Rozhdestvenskoye, river Yelda, overgrown ponds, Tolpyginsky pond, cemeteries, a channel, a plowland, a forest, a swamp. From the case of Yu.S. Skripitsyn VS Nikitsky Pereslavl-Zalessky monastery over uninhabited fields of Batogi, Zabolot’ye, Nikola on the Yelotsky stan. / Drawing by V.O Anchikov.

  2. A great find; here‘s the original:

    №163 1687 Чертеж-карта земель по реке Елде у села Богородского в Угличском уезде. Рукоп. окрашен. 82х65. Отмечено: с. Богородское, пустоши: Ивашково, Иванцово, Брюхачево, Карпово, Глазоемово, Батог, Березняки, Никола на пруде, что было с-цо Толпыгино, Заболотье, Андронниково, Кошелево, Бучково, Телешево, Рышково, Страшково, Мурашки, Папино, дорога из с. Богородцкого в с. Рождественное, р. Елда, заросшие пруды, пруд Толпыгинский, кладбища, проток, пашня и лес, болото. Из спорного дела Ю.С.Скрипицына с Никитским Переславль-Залесским монастырем о пустошах Батоги, Заболотье, Никола в Елоцком стане. /Чертеж В.О.Анчикова/. Начало см. стб. 35730.

    But it doesn’t answer the question of whether there was an alternative name Stashkovo alongside Strashkovo.

  3. SFReader says:

    It’s somewhere here, to the north of Tolpygino

  4. Lots of пустоши around there!

  5. р. Елда (Yelda River) is a hoot. That’s what probably now called Lesnoy Ruchey (Forrest Brook).

  6. SFReader says:

    Still exists under same nameЁлда

  7. Marja Erwin says:

    I block Google Migraine-Triggers, but I have the worrying suspicion that the link would lead there…

  8. David Marjanović says:

    It does lead to Google Maps, but to a satellite view.

    I’m curious: how does something trigger migraines if it doesn’t move? Are you just saying you can’t zoom?

  9. Lars (the original one) says:

    Google Earth often starts by zooming in from a whole-globe view, I suppose that’s what Marja means. The two last times it’s come up there was no zooming when I opened them, but that can depend on so many parameters, like platform, browser, settings, phase of the moon, year of the cicada cycle and whether Sundar Pichai stepped out of bed left or right foot first this morning.

  10. David Marjanović says:

    Ah. As usual. Thanks.

  11. Lars (the original one) says:

    Actually, the case I remember is when viewing something in the Google Maps app on Android and then changing to Google Earth — used to give the whole zoom in thing but now it just gives a ‘sunrise viewed from space’ type splash page and cuts directly to the zoomed-in view when it’s ready. Perhaps Google was made aware of the migraine-induction problem.

  12. Marja Erwin says:

    When other sites embed migraine triggers from Google Migraine Triggers, these still zoom and thereby trigger my migraines. I block Javascript from Google to try to block these migraine triggers. It’s *possible* that blocking Javascript from Google disarms, but I know it doesn’t disarm any more, and I don’t want to get another migraine checking

  13. Lars (the original one) says:

    Of course not. If there’s anything in particular you want to see, I’m sure somebody will post a screenshot if you ask.

  14. Lars (the original one) says:

    A business idea, building a flash and zoom mitigating display proxy, so that any large or repetitive screen updates triggers a two? five? second timeout that’s safe for epilepsy and migraine sufferers, but you can still see what you’re typing. Maybe it exists but my Google chops fail me.


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