In Pepys’ Diary a few days ago commenter Pedro quoted Man of War by Ollard as follows:
Meanwhile [in late May 1664] on the West Coast of Africa…
At Anashan Holmes celebrates the King’s birthday with a dinner party on board the Jersey for the Danish Commanding Officer and the Dye of Foutou “with diverse others whom I caressed and very well presented to secure their friendship to the English.”
When I asked him about the “Dye of Foutou,” he said “This is around the time that Holmes is at Cape Coast Castle, and he seems to have been given this name by a John Cabissa the remarkable leader of the tribe at Kormantin” and in a subsequent comment “It looks like this may be the King of Fetu,” which gave me the hint I needed to find that Fetu (more properly known as Ef(f)utu or Afutu) was indeed a small kingdom on the Gold Coast in the 17th century; you can read about their history, legends, and matrilineal system here. But I’ve been unable to find any reference to anything resembling a “dye” either online or in my African history books. Any ideas?